Windows commands & utilities

Basic administration

  • defrag – defrag a volume
    • defrag /f – defrag a volume with less than 15% free space
  • chkdsk – check a disk and fix basic issues
  • MSIExec.exe – utility for installing/uninstalling software (Microsoft Technet page)
  • MSInfo32.exe – System Information applet
  • sfc /scannow – check protected system files, replace missing files/incorrect files
  • taskkill – end task/process

Active Directory

Windows networking

  • Ping
  • PathPing
  • TraceRt
  • NSLookup

Start/Run shortcuts (Windows Key + “R”)

  • CompMgmt.msc – launch Computer Management applet
  • DevMgmt.msc – launch Device Manager applet
  • DiskMgmt.msc – launch Disk Management applet
  • DSSite – launch Active Directory Sites & Services
  • DSA.msc – launch Active Directory Users & Computers console
  • DXDiag – analyse/diagnose video card issues
  • EventVwr.msc – launch Event Viewer
  • MDSched – memory diagnostics
  • MsConfig – Startup Configuration utility
  • MSInfo32 – launch System Information applet
  • MSTSC.exe – Remote Desktop Connection
  • PerfMON – Performance Monitor applet
  • RegEdit – Registry Editor
  • ResMon – Resource Monitor
  • SystemPropertiesPerformance – launch Performance Options dialog
  • Taskmgr – launch Task Manager
  • WinVer – Windows Version info

Downloads – Microsoft

  • Microsoft Network Monitor
  • SysInternals